Download A Brief History Of Saudi Arabia by James Wynbrandt PDF

By James Wynbrandt

ISBN-10: 0816057958

ISBN-13: 9780816057955

An immense best friend within the center East, Saudi Arabia is a mysterious land to so much american citizens, who may well realize it merely because the position the place Islam originated and Islamic fundamentalism is a strong strength. in recent times, the connection among the governments of the USA and Saudi Arabia has come below expanding strain, and one of the normal public within the usa there's a want and wish for a better figuring out of this nation. A language barrier and the closed nature of the Saudi Arabian society have performed little to ask or ease open inquiry to all yet educated lecturers and linguists. a quick historical past of Saudi Arabia redresses the shortcoming of compatible references to this distinct and demanding nation and gives a balanced, trained standpoint on its lengthy historical past. This readable and entire evaluate of the historical past of Saudi Arabia areas the political, financial, and cultural occasions of this present day right into a large old context. It presents a concise but thorough account of the genesis of Saudi Arabia, from the geology of its land mass and its cost in prehistoric occasions via fresh occasions that experience reminded the area of Saudi Arabia's strategic value to glob

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When I was midway on the mountain, I heard a voice from heaven saying, ‘O Muhummad! ’ I raised my head towards heaven to see [who was speaking], and lo, Gabriel in the form of a man with feet astride the horizon saying, ‘O Muhammad! Thou art the apostle of God and I am Gabriel’” (Guillaume 1955, 106). Muhammad’s revelation marked the beginning of Islam. The message that Muhammad said Gabriel had directed him to spread came from an eternal, heavenly tome. This is the Quran, the holy book of Islam.

As noted, Allah was not an unfamiliar being when Muhammad spoke of him. Allah was Arabic for “the God,” though often translated as simply “God,” and He had already been an object of worship, though the pagans of the era gave more obeisance to a pantheon of minor deities and spirits. To be a Muslim required not only exalting God, but also disavowing other powers beyond his. Prayer—Muslims pray five times daily: at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sundown, and night. In Islamic communities, a call to prayer (adhan) is made from the top of a minaret, a mosque’s tower.

Without a clan for protection, an individual had no one to appeal to for redress of any act committed against him by another person, whether robbery, mischief, or murder. Slavery, an ancient Semitic institution, was practiced by the Arabs. Captives taken prisoner in battle, or women and children of those 15 A BRIEF HISTORY OF SAUDI ARABIA conquered in battle, could be made slaves. ) Captives taken in raids could also be made slaves. Slavery continued after the coming of Islam and is recognized in the Quran, though Muhammad promulgated rules designed to assure humane treatment of those held in bondage.

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