By Timothy Venning, Peter Frankopan
A Chronology of the Crusades offers a daily improvement of the Crusading stream, the Crusades and the states created by means of them during the medieval interval. starting within the run-up to the 1st campaign in 1095, to the autumn of Constantinople in 1453, and finishing with the Turkish assault on Belgrade in 1456, this reference is a complete advisor to the occasions of every campaign, targeting the close to East, but additionally these Christian expeditions sanctioned through the Papacy as ‘Crusades’ within the medieval period. in addition to clashes among Christians and Muslims within the Latin States, Timothy Venning additionally chronicles the Albigensian campaign, clashes in Anatolia and the Balkans and the Reconquista within the Iberian Peninsula. either particular and available, this chronology attracts jointly fabric from modern Latin/Frankish, Byzantine and Arab/Muslim resources with evaluation and clarification to supply a readable narrative which provides scholars an in-depth review of 1 of the main enduringly interesting classes in medieval history.
Including an advent by means of Peter Frankopan which summarises and contextualises the interval, this ebook is an important source for college kids and lecturers alike.
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Additional info for A chronology of the Crusades
1094 IRAQ February. Barqiyaruq regains Baghdad with army from Syria led by local Emir Toghtekin; Mahmud is permitted principality of Isfahan. ITALY Spring. Pope Urban II finally gains control of Rome. BYZANTIUM/TURKISH SULTANATE Alexius’ general Taticius unsuccessfully besieges Nicaea; however the arrival of Barqiyaruq's army under the ferocious Burzuq in Asia Minor en route to reconquer Nicaea leads Abul Qasim to appeal to Alexius for aid. Alexius sends an expedition, which helps the city to hold out.
37. The First Crusade 1095–1099 47 Defeat of relief-force led by Ridwan: Gesta Francorum, book vi, pp. 36–7; Raymond, book vi, pp. 246–8. Edgar’s fleet arrives and 6 March sortie defeated: Albert of Aix, book iii, ch. liii–lv; Gesta Francorum, book vii, ch. xviii; Radulph of Caen, book lviii; Raymond, book vi–viii, pp. 248–9. Bohemund’s plan: Anna Comnena, book xi, ch. iv (tr. Sewter, pp. 342–4); Gesta Francorum, book viii, ch. xx. Agreement to give Antioch to Bohemund in default of Alexius: Anna Comnena, book xi, ch.
The leadership hold council at the Cathedral over their next move. Bohemund presses his claim to rule Antioch as the Emperor is not coming, and is defied by Raymond who insists on Alexius’ rights; the ordinary soldiers prefer to head on to Jerusalem. Eventually Raymond agrees to abide by a majority decision of the other leaders, and Bohemund swears to accompany them south and not impede their campaign. Early November. Most Crusaders march on southwards up Orontes, but Bohemund stays in Antioch; 27 November–11 December siege of Ma’arat al-Numan, led by Count Raymond and Robert of Flanders; 11 December, when the town is forced to negotiate its surrender after a siegetower is wheeled into place and used to protect miners who undermine a wall which collapses, it is offered to Bohemund by private negotiation with the citizens.