By Dalya Cohen-Mor
Dalya Cohen-Mor examines the evolution of the concept that of destiny within the Arab international via readings of non secular texts, poetry, fiction, and folklore. She contends that trust in destiny has retained its energy and keeps to play a pivotal position within the Arabs' outlook on existence and their social psychology. Interwoven with the chapters are sixteen sleek brief tales that additional remove darkness from this attention-grabbing subject.
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Extra info for A Matter of Fate: The Concept of Fate in the Arab World As Reflected in Modern Arabic Literature
43 According to orthodox belief, God never revokes what He has decreed, but prayer and supplication (du a¯ ) can make things easier to bear. The historian al-Jabartı¯, for example, in his chronicle of the ﬁrst seven months of the French occupation of Egypt in 1798, relates that on learning of the French invasion, all the al-Azhar shaykhs and other religious leaders convened with the common people at the mosques and engaged in profuse invocations and supplications. 45 Tﬁ a¯ha¯ H bu s, 1944), further elaborates on the purpose of supplication: “The truly faithful is he who does not ask God to recall His decree, for God’s decree is not recalled.
49 Unlike the celebration of Laylat al-Bara¯ a, which exhibits regional variations in practice and ritual, the blessed Laylat al-Qadr (the Night of Power, or of the Divine Decree) is uniformly observed throughout the Arab world. It falls in the month of Ramadﬁ a¯n (the ninth month of the Muslim calendar), which is passed in fasting every day from sunrise to sunset. Lane provides a detailed account of this special night, venerated by all Muslims worldwide: Some few pious persons spend the last ten days and nights of Ramadﬁ a¯n in the mosque of the H ﬁ asaneyn or that of the Seyyideh Zeyneb.
13 Although the relationship between these words is understood in different ways, the most common interpretation is that qadar is the divine application of qadﬁ a¯ in time. 15 In its literal sense, qadar occurs in several places in the Qur a¯n: “And there is not a thing but with Us are the stores thereof. And We send it not down save in appointed measure [qadar ma lu¯m]” (15:21); “Verily thy Lord doth provide sustenance in abundance for whom He pleaseth, and He provideth in a just measure [yaqdiru]” (17:30).