By Len Doyal
Rejecting trendy subjectivist and cultural relativist ways, this significant ebook argues that humans have common and goal wishes for wellbeing and fitness and autonomy and a correct to their optimum pride. The authors boost a approach of social signs to teach what such optimization might suggest in perform and investigate the documents of a variety of constructed and underdeveloped economies in assembly their voters' wishes
Read or Download A Theory of Human Need PDF
Similar social policy books
"Culture and Politics" offers a complete advent to the iconic phenomenon of tradition and its impression on modern society and politics. Combining a considerable theoretical review with complicated comparative empirical learn, it assesses the complicated interaction of ethnicity, faith, background and values on macro- and micro-level results.
Featuring a cartographic trip into the area of the production(s) of incapacity, this book examines embodiment, transhumanism, subjectivity, know-how and jurisprudence. It issues concerns of order/disorder and the traditional and pathological, and explores the best way tales approximately wholeness, well-being, enhancement and perfection are instructed.
This ebook involves papers provided on the overseas convention on "China: the following Decade", geared up via the East Asian Institute on the nationwide college of Singapore in 2007 to commemorate the Institute's tenth anniversary. With 8 papers protecting China's financial, social and political improvement, this quantity deals a balanced but in-depth overview of the demanding situations dealing with China within the subsequent decade.
Even if childcare is visible as a part of society's academic coverage, welfare coverage, or employment coverage impacts not just its shape and content material but additionally its public snapshot. The individuals during this quantity use present polices for the care of babies and preschool youngsters to investigate debates and tune the emergence of latest kingdom welfare practices throughout numerous social and political configurations-and supply a few conclusions approximately which tools paintings the easiest.
- Understanding Power : the Indispensable Chomsky
- Psychoanalysis and Social Involvement: Interpretation and Action
- Local Government in the United Kingdom
- Women in Saudi Arabia Today
Additional info for A Theory of Human Need
P. Ill; cf. Wiggens, 1985. pp. 153-9). Not to try to satisfy needs will thus be seen to be against the objective interests of the individuals involved and viewed as abnormal and unnatural. l When goals are described as 'wants' rather than needs, it is precisely because they are not believed to be linked to human interests in this sense. All need statements conform to the relational structure: 'A needs X in order to Y' (Barry, 1965, Section 5 A). Here whether or not X is a need concerns not universality but its strategic efficacy for achieving some specified goal Y, whatever it happens to be.
The denials, of course, are understandable. Since individual self-determination is at the very heart of the belief that capitalism is both the most morally just and productively efficient society, it does not serve their political purpose to underwrite any criteria by which individual preference may itself be judged as problematic. Marxism: the cynical gaze of determinism The desire of Marxists to reject universal human needs on the grounds of historicaL cultural and economic determination is equally easy to understand.
14-15) argues: 'The neo-liberal takes the view that need is an open-ended, elastic concept which has no consensual hold in society, but their own view of poverty as an absolute standard of need, or of welfare as meeting this absolute standard, presumes that there is some clear consensual standard of need'. Explicit denials that basic needs exist, in other words, are often accompanied by an implicit acceptance that they do. The denials, of course, are understandable. Since individual self-determination is at the very heart of the belief that capitalism is both the most morally just and productively efficient society, it does not serve their political purpose to underwrite any criteria by which individual preference may itself be judged as problematic.