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Read or Download Access to History for the IB Diploma. The Arab-Israeli conflict 1945-79 PDF
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Extra resources for Access to History for the IB Diploma. The Arab-Israeli conflict 1945-79
In the 10 days of fighting in this second phase of the war, Israel improved its position and was to retain the initiative for the rest of the war. How were the Israelis able to take the initiative? The assassination of the UN mediator, September 1948 In September, during the second truce, the special UN mediator, Count Bernadotte from Sweden, came up with a peace plan: it gave added land to the Arabs in the south and more land to the Israelis in the north but Jerusalem was still to be an international city, under UN control, and the Arab refugees were all to have the right to return home.
In the case of coastal towns like Haifa and Jaffa, so the standard Zionist history goes, thousands of Arabs followed the example of their leaders, both civilian and military, and fled. Furthermore, their leaders called on them, in the press and on the radio, to leave, assuring them that they would be able to return with conquering Arab armies and reclaim their property and their livelihoods. Alternative explanations for the Arab exodus have been offered ever since. A few of them have come from Israeli historians.
The new nation had lost 6000 lives, which amounted to nearly one per cent of the entire Jewish population of 650,000. However, the Israelis now controlled 79 per cent of what had been the British mandate of Palestine, rather than the 55 per cent allocated to the new state by the UN (see Source A). On top of the 300,000 Palestinian Arabs who had fled from their homes by the time the British left Palestine in May 1948, another 400,000 fled by the end of the war in 1949. They had become refugees, having fled or been driven from their homes.