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With fast inhabitants explosion, enhancing rail transit velocity and means is strongly fascinating around the globe. Communication-based educate regulate (CBTC) is an automatic educate keep watch over approach utilizing excessive means bidirectional train–ground communications to make sure the secure operation of rail cars. This booklet offers the newest advances in CBTC examine. The contributed chapters from prime specialists within the box disguise diverse facets of modelling, research, layout, trying out, administration, deployment, and optimization of CBTC systems.
Advances in Communications-Based teach keep watch over Systems starts with the heritage and evolution of educate signaling/train keep watch over platforms. It introduces the most positive factors and structure of CBTC platforms and describes present demanding situations and winning implementations all over the world. next contributed chapters talk about such key learn components as
- Nondestructive trying out innovations that may be hired to examine rails and fastening parts
- New instant channel modelling recommendations for underground tunnels and viaducts
- Advanced instant communique structures to enhance CBTC communique availability
- Schemes to combine educate keep watch over and train-ground communications via modelling the regulate process of a gaggle of trains in CBTC as a networked keep watch over system
- Use of cognitive keep watch over to enhance teach regulate functionality, contemplating either train–ground communique and educate control
The booklet contains many aiding illustrations and tables in addition to a worthwhile set of references on the finish of every bankruptcy. With this publication, researchers and practitioners might be well-equipped to strengthen the learn and improvement during this vital field.
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A common practice in CBTC projects is to accept test results performed by the supplier during their product testing or for another project. This is the only time where test results from other projects may be considered. Difference between the equipment tested on other projects and the equipment for the current project should be analyzed very carefully during this process. 1 EMC Tests The goal of the EMC laboratory qualification tests is to verify the level of electromagnetic immunity, that is, susceptibility, and the electromagnetic emissions of the CBTC equipment.
1 (Continued) Radio-Based CBTC Projects around the World Country Malaysia Saudi Arabia India France Line/System Supplier Solution Commissioning LoA Kuala Lumpur Rail Transit Ampang Line Thales SelTrac 2016 UTO Kuala Lumpur MRT Klang Valley MRT Bombardier CITYFLO 650 2017 UTO Seoul Metro Bundang Line Thales SelTrac 2014 UTO Incheon Metro 2 Thales SelTrac 2014 UTO Riyadh KAFD Monorail Bombardier CITYFLO 650 2012 UTO Dubai Metro Red, Green Thales SelTrac 2011 UTO Dubai Metro Al Sufouh LRT Alstom Urbalis 2014 STO Hyderabad Metro Rail L1, L2, L3 Thales SelTrac 2016 UTO Delhi Metro Line 7 Bombardier CITYFLO 650 2015 Paris Metro 1 Siemens Trainguard MT CBTC 2011 DTO Paris Metro 13 Thales SelTrac 2013 STO (Continued) Introduction to Communications-Based Train Control Korea Location ◾ 11 Location Line/System Supplier Solution Commissioning LoA Terminal Transfer APM Bombardier CITYFLO 650 2010 UTO Lille Metro 1 Alstom Urbalis 2017 UTO Málaga Metro 1, 2 Alstom Urbalis 2013 Metro de Madrid 7 Extension MetroEste Invensys Sirius 2011 STO Sao Paulo Metro 5 Bombardier CITYFLO 650 2015 UTO Sao Paulo Metro 17 Thales SelTrac 2015 UTO Mexico Mexico City Metro 12 Alstom Urbalis 2012 STO Switzerland Lausanne Metro M2 Alstom Urbalis 2008 UTO Finland Helsinki Metro 1 Siemens Trainguard MT CBTC 2014 STO Denmark Copenhagen S-Train All lines Siemens Trainguard MT CBTC 2018 STO Venezuela Caracas Metro 1 Invensys Sirius 2013 Hungary Budapest Metro 2014 (M4) M2, M4 Siemens Trainguard MT CBTC 2013 (M2) Spain Brazil APM, automated people mover; LoA, level of automation; STO, semiautomated operation mode; UTO, unattended train operation.
Testing of CBTC is done intensively in the factory. The factory setup allows for testing of almost all functions and all situations. The functions that may not be completely testable in the factory are related to the carborne controller (CC) interfaces and to the field characteristics such as train localization and radio coverage. Apart from those items, in an ideal world, the tests in the field would only be for demonstration to the transit agency that the system meets the contract requirements.